FLERUT - nasjonalt nettverk for bærekraftig flerbruk av våre utmarksressurser

Flerbruk i utmarka (c) Hilde K. Wam, NIBIO
Aktiv SIST OPPDATERT: 18.02.2019
Slutt: des 2019
Start: jan 2018

Nettverket FLERUT er en nytenkende møteplass for fagmiljø og brukergrupper som tradisjonelt har stått i bruk-vern polemikk rundt utmarksressurser.

Status Pågående
Start- og sluttdato 01.01.2018 - 31.12.2019
Prosjektleder Paul Eric Aspholm
Avdeling Utmarksressurser og næringsutvikling
Samarbeidspartnere NINA - norsk institutt for naturforskning, NORSKOG, Fefo - Finnmarkseiendommen, Norsk Friluftsliv
Totalt budsjett 750000
Finansieringskilde Norges Forskningsråd

‘Det grønne skiftet’ tilsier at vi skal bruke kjente naturressurser på en ny måte, og ta i bruk helt nye naturressurser. Det finnes derimot ingen ledige naturressurser i utmarka. Alt er allerede i bruk, og all bruk påvirker annen bruk. I FLERUT utforsker vi nye måter å avveie ulike interesser for å praktisere et mest mulig bærekraftig flerbruk i utmarka. Vårt formidlingsbudskap er samarbeid fremfor drakamp.

FLERUT har opphav i forskergruppa «Flerbrukshensyn i økosystemtjenester fra utmark» (2016-2018), finansiert av NIBIO som strategisk prioritert forskning ved Divisjon for Skog og utmark. Målsetningen for denne forskergruppa har vært faglig utveksling mellom konvensjonell markedsøkonomi og nye tilnærminger til det å avveie ulik bruk av økosystemtjenester. Gruppa har jobbet først og fremst med integrert verdisetting av «hva-skjer-hvis» scenario. Samtidig har NINA over flere år jobbet med flerbrukshensyn og verdisetting av naturgoder, særlig i bynær utmark og med andre faglige tilnærminger enn det NIBIO sin forskergruppe har jobbet med.

I FLERUT nettverket ser vi på hvordan vi praktisk nyttig kan koble disse til dels ulike faglige tilnærmingene. Sammen med brukergrupper knyttet til skog og utmark tar vi en realitetssjekk på forskningen vår. Hvordan kan vi gjøre metodikkene om integrert verdisetting forståelige og mest mulig brukbare? Hvor nyttig er dette for de som faktisk skal fatte beslutninger om flerbrukshensyn?

Publikasjoner i prosjektet

Sammendrag

Finding new ways to simultaneously account for monetary and non-monetary goals in ecosystem services is needed in order to establish a new modelling framework for the facilitation of trade-offs between competing stakeholder interests. The socioecological sustainability of an ecosystem service is dependent on the consent of the people in the area of the ESS. An important reason is that a given ecosystem service may have highly different value in different stakeholder cultures. In this aspect is also the understanding of disservices and hidden services. The kind and level of conflict tend to differ with location and the operational level of decision-making. It is crucial work to identify all linked subservices and organise them into a common framework for evaluation. In our research group (MULTIESS) we try to develop multi-criteria tools to assess the implications of prioritizing different interests on ecological, sociological and economic output. Similarly, changes in the human population and environment will interact and influence on the services and their values, demanding such parameters to be evaluated for the whole range of potential scenarios. We maintain that in order to make multi-criteria analyses (MCA) successful, service outputs and externalities must and can be measured in familiar terms (e.g. money, biomass) without the use of direct or stated pricing of non-commodities such as welfare, recreation or biodiversity.

Til dokument

Sammendrag

We are increasingly confronted with severe social and economic impacts of environmental degradation all over the world. From a valuation perspective, environmental problems and conflicts originate from trade-offs between values. The urgency and importance to integrate nature's diverse values in decisions and actions stand out more than ever. Valuation, in its broad sense of ‘assigning importance’, is inherently part of most decisions on natural resource and land use. Scholars from different traditions -while moving from heuristic interdisciplinary debate to applied transdisciplinary science- now acknowledge the need for combining multiple disciplines and methods to represent the diverse set of values of nature. This growing group of scientists and practitioners share the ambition to explore how combinations of ecological, socio-cultural and economic valuation tools can support real-life resource and land use decision-making. The current sustainability challenges and the ineffectiveness of single-value approaches to offer relief demonstrate that continuing along a single path is no option. We advocate for the adherence of a plural valuation culture and its establishment as a common practice, by contesting and complementing ineffective and discriminatory single-value approaches. In policy and decision contexts with a willingness to improve sustainability, integrated valuation approaches can be blended in existing processes, whereas in contexts of power asymmetries or environmental conflicts, integrated valuation can promote the inclusion of diverse values through action research and support the struggle for social and environmental justice. The special issue and this editorial synthesis paper bring together lessons from pioneer case studies and research papers, synthesizing main challenges and setting out priorities for the years to come for the field of integrated valuation.

Sammendrag

Natural and rural land provides resources for the majority of ecosystem services we need. Typical provisioning services from these resources are timber logging, collection of berries, mushrooms and hunting. Typical regulating services are carbon storage, regulation of flooding and temperature, and typical cultural services are education, science and nature based tourism. The use of one ecosystem service always affects the other services. How can we evaluate how the various use of services affect each other? In our research group, we work innovatively with multi-criteria analyses to find ways of trading-off contradicting interests in ecosystem services. The red tread is to consider «all» sides of multiuse and thereby reduce conflicts between stakeholders. To achieve this, it is necessary to combine conventional valuation methods (market-oriented recourse-economy) and new socioecological approaches.