End: dec 2024
Start: jan 2021
Efficient measures for weed control and similar challenges are vital to avoid crop loss in agriculture. National supply of food, feed and other agricultural products depends on each farmer’s success managing their fields and orchards. The recent loss of the herbicide diquat, and the potential ban on glyphosate, - both important tools for farmers -, raise a demand for new measures for vegetation control. Efficient alternatives to herbicides are also important tools in Integrated Pest Management (IPM). Norwegian growers need to document compliance to IPM since 2015 to ensure minimum hazards to health and environment from pesticide use.
|Start - end date||01.01.2021 - 31.12.2024|
|Project manager||Therese With Berge|
|Division||Division of Biotechnology and Plant Health|
|Department||Invertebrate Pests and Weeds in Forestry, Agriculture and Horticulture|
The SOLUTIONS project will work on new solutions for (1) potato canopy desiccation, (2) control of weeds and runners in field strawberries, and (3) weed management in apple orchards. Measures to be tested are bioherbicides, for example pelargonic acid and other organic acids; Thermal methods, for example hot water and electricity, alone or in combinations with current and new mechanical implements and newly approved products.
SOLUTIONS will also work on two precision agriculture technologies that will further reduce the use of synthetic herbicides for vegetation control. One of the technologies is a Norwegian field robot for precision removal of weeds and runners in strawberry fields. The other is variable dosing of potato canopy desiccant based on remote sensing (satellite or drone images).
SOLUTIONS is coordinated by NIBIO - Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research. It is funded by Forskningsmidlene for jordbruk og matindustri (FFL/JA) and Grofondet AS, as well as the collaborative and financial partners A-K maskiner AS, Heatweed Technologies AS, Kilter AS, Norsk Landbruksrådgiving (NLR, Norwegian Agricultural Extension Service) and Norwegian producers of potatoes, field strawberries and apples. NLR Innlandet, NLR Vest, NLR Viken and NLR Øst also participate.
Jakter på nye løsninger for risfjerning
Plantevernmidlet dikvat (Reglone) ble tidligere brukt til å svi ned potetris før høsting, men i 2020 forsvant midlet fra markedet. Dette gav potetdyrkere nye utfordringer.
Varmt vatn kan vere løysinga mot utløparar i jordbæråkeren
Jordbærplanter har utløparar som fort fyller åkeren og gjev gode vilkår for sopp om dei ikkje blir fjerna. Reglone er eit effektivt svimiddel mot utløparar i jordbæråkeren, men det har mista godkjenninga i EU. No ser forskarar på om varmevatn kan vere eit alternativ.