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Division of Forest and Forest Resources


Finished Last updated: 02.06.2019
End: dec 2021
Start: jan 2016
CARISMA is a virtual Center of Advanced Research for the innovative use of 3D remote sensing in mapping of forest and landscape attributes based on national forest inventories. It is a network to improve the coordination of research activities that are ongoing in the Nordic national forest inventories (NFIs).

CARISMA - A graphical overview of the project structure

0.313 MB pdf


Steering group:

  • Annika Kangas, Professor, LUKE, Finland
  • Mats Nilsson, Senior researcher, SLU, Sweden
  • Vivian Kvist Johannsen, Senior researcher, UC, Denmark
  • Johannes Breidenbach (project leader), Senior researcher, NIBIO, Norway

Current list of participants and competence areas


  • Johannes Rahlf, PhD student, NIBIO, 3D remote sensing and modelling
  • Rasmus Astrup, Director of forest research, NIBIO, modelling and survey methodology
  • Svein Solberg, Senior Researcher, 3D (SAR) remote sensing and modelling
  • Johannes Breidenbach, NIBIO, 3D remote sensing, modelling and survey methodology 

  • Sakari Tuominen, researcher, Luke, 3D remote sensing
  • Mari Myllymäki, researcher, Luke, 3D remote sensing, spatial modelling
  • Kai Mäkisara, researcher, Luke, remote sensing, modelling and mapping
  • Annika Kangas, professor, Luke, survey methodology, modelling 

  • Jonas Bohlin, PhD student, SLU, 3D remote sensing
  • Heather Reese, researcher, SLU, remote sensing and mapping
  • Håkan Olsson, Professor, SLU, remote sensing
  • Henrik Hedenås, researcher, SLU, modelling and monitoring
  • Göran Ståhl, Professor, SLU, survey methods and modelling
  • Mats Nilsson, SLU, remote sensing, mapping and survey methodology 

  • Thomas Nord-Larsen, Senior researcher, UCPH, survey methodology and 3D remote sensing
  • Vivian Kvist Johannsen, Senior researcher, UCPH, survey methodology, landuse assessment, multi-purpose mapping
  • Ole H. Caspersen, Senior Researcher, UCPH, GIS and landscape analyses, remote sensing
  • Johannes Schumacher, researcher, UCPH, 3D remote sensing

External project link SNS blog
Start - end date 01.01.2016 - 31.12.2021
Project manager Johannes Breidenbach
Division Division of Forest and Forest Resources
Department National Forest Inventory
Total budget 1.75 million SEK
Funding source Nordic Forest Research (SNS)


The acronym CARISMA stands for virtual Center of Advanced Research for the innovative use of 3D remote sensing in mapping of forest and landscape attributes based on national forest inventories.

Directly participating institutions are the Finnish Natural Resources Institute (LUKE), the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), and the University of Copenhagen (UCPH), and the Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research (NIBIO) who leads the CAR. CARISMA is funded by SNS from 1 January 2016 until 31 December 2020. Workshops, conferences, common research proposals, and research exchanges will be the direct output of CARISMA.

Several ongoing and interacting developments cause considerable challenges to our societies in general and to the forest sector specifically.

  • Climate change requires mitigation and forest adaptation strategies that need to be implemented locally.
  • The foreseeable end of non-renewable resources results in the need to generate future wealth based on the sustainable use of natural resources in a bioeconomy.
  • Globalization constantly forces private companies and the public administration to become more efficient to remain competitive in order to provide work to people.
Because of long planning horizons associated with forest management in the Nordic region, sub-optimal decisions can lead to considerable distortions in the future. Precise information across geographic scales is therefore a key element to reduce the risks involved with decisions in planning processes. NFIs provide precise information on forest and landscape resources on large scales. In reaction of the challenges described above, the NFI teams in the Nordic countries invest considerable research funds in order to not only answer questions of “how much” on national scales but also to “where” forest and tree resources are on local scales. The combination of NFI field data with 3D remote sensing data is a key technology in this respect.

Aim of this CAR is to provide a common platform to streamline research activities in the involved countries by the exchange of researchers on conferences, workshops, or scientific missions. The collaboration is also expected to result in joint project proposals to increase the available research funds in the scope of this proposal. A graphical overview of the project structure can be found below on the Organization tab.